History

The First Cathedral 1581 - 1583

As Spain firmly established herself in the new colony through the succeeding years, so did the Church which witnessed the creation of the Diocese of Manila. On February 6, 1579, Pope Gregory XIII issued in Rome the Papal Bull establishing the Bishopric or the Diocese of Manila, suffragan to the Archbishopric of Mexico. (A copy of this Bull is kept at the Archdiocesan Archives of Manila). The discrepancy as to the exact year of creation of the diocese – whether 1578, as indicated in the copy of the bull, or 1579 – arose because in he late 15 th century, the Julian system of reckoning days within the calendar was questioned until the Gregorian calendar was adopted. The church of Manila was raised to the rank of cathedral under the title of “Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary.” The cathedral was to be under a bishop who would look after the appropriate enlargement of its building and restoration into a cathedral church.

In the same year, Fray Domingo de Salazar, a Dominican religious from the Convent of San Esteban in Salamanca, Spain, was presented by King Philip II of Spain to the Pope for the position of Bishop of the Diocese of Manila. A year after, in May of 1580, he left for his new assignment by way of Mexico, bringing with him thirty fellow Dominicans, many of whom died or fell ill during and after the voyage to Mexico. Only one co-religious and six other secular priests were able to accompany him to Manila where he would reign as first bishop of the diocese.

Meanwhile, the Spanish monarchy was making preparations for the construction of the new cathedral in Manila. On May 13, 1579, a Royal Cedula from the Spanish king mandated the governor general of the Philippines to construct a moderately ample cathedral on a convenient site, the expenses of which were to be divided among the natives, Royal Treasury, and the encomenderos. Another Royal Cedula of the same date ordered the Casa de Contratacion or Office of Contracts and Agreements to give the city of Manila 15 ducats, worth 187,000 maravedis, intended for ornaments, chalices, and other essentials which the cathedral would require. On May 22, 1579, part of the tithes belonging to the king during a period of ten years was given for the construction of the Manila Cathedral. With such amount and support, the construction of the cathedral began. This support from the monarchy continued until the 18 th century when the cathedral, a victim of natural disasters and time, underwent repairs and reconstructions.

Bishop Domingo de Salazar and his surviving companions, the Dominican Fray Cristobal de Salvatierra and six secular priests – Diego Vasquez de Mercado, Martin de Ribera, Francisco de Morales, Geronimo Vasquez, Santiago de Castro, and Francisco de Pareja – left Acapulco on March 29, 1581 aboard the galleon San Martin. They were accompanied by six Franciscan friars under Fr. Antonio de Villanueva, a good number of Augustinians under Fr. Juan Pimentel, and three Jesuits with their rector Fr. Antonio Sedeño. In August of 1581, they finally reached the Ladrones islands, and days after reached Samar and then the Bicol peninsula where the San Martin took refuge in the bay of Ibalon due to very bad weather. From there, Salazar went by land crossing the Bicol area and reached Laguna de Bay after trekking the Sierra Madre mountains. By boat, he finally reached Manila by way of the river Pasig on September 17, 1581.

On September 21, 1581, with full pontifical and royal authority, Bishop Salazar created the act to erect and found the new Cathedral of Manila under the advocation of the Immaculate Conception, the original titular patroness of the old parochial church. He then proceeded to build a cathedral to replace the old parish church.

The first Cathedral of Manila was constructed by Fray Bishop Domingo de Salazar out of wood, bamboo, and nipa – materials which were used in all houses and other basic community services in the city. It was on December 21, 1581 that the parish church of Manila was raised formally into a cathedral.


The Establishment of Cathedral Dignities, Canonries, and Prebend

As Bishop of Manila, Salazar possessed the exclusive right to erect and establish dignities, canonries, prebends, and other ecclesiastical benefices. He created the positions of dean, archdeacon, chanter, school master, treasurer, ten canonries and prebends, six whole portiones (raciones), and six half portiones (medios raciones), rectors, six acolytes, six chaplains, sacristan, organist, beadle, econome, chancellor or notary of the church chapter, and dog catcher.

However, the initial state of incomes and revenues of the cathedral was not sufficient to support the entire number of positions created. Thus, only the first five dignitaries, ten canonries, and six whole and six half portiones were declared established for the service of the cathedral. It was also resolved that the cleric of the church and diocese with the first tonsure should enjoy his privilege. He should carry the clerical tonsure the size of one silver real. The hair at the back of his head should be worn clipped with scissors two fingers’ breadth below the ears. He should go about decently dressed with a cloak or mantilla which must not be of red or yellow but of a more somber color.

When the cathedral was erected, Bishop Salazar created four prebends: Don Diego Vasquez de Mercado as dean, Don Francisco de Morales as precentor, and Don Francisco de Pareja and Don Gonzalo del Castillo as canons. Diego Vasquez de Mercado later became the Bishop of Yucatan and the fourth Archbishop of Manila. In 1583, Don Juan de Vivero was appointed as its first treasurer and later, in 1585, was promoted as its first archdeacon. Its first school master was Gabriel de la Cruz appointed in 1583.


The First Synod of Manila

Under Bishop Domingo de Salazar, the first synod of Manila was held in 1582 where 90 ecclesiastical and religious persons and six captains or heads, who were the oldest and most eminent, attended. The sessions lasted until 1586 holding a duration of four years. The Sinodo de Manila of 1582 was the first synod ever held in the Philippines. In it, matters relating to the governance of the new colonial territory were discussed. Among the subjects deliberated upon were the teaching of catechism in the native dialect and the declaration of human rights of both native Christians and non-Christians.


The Fire of 1583

The Cathedral church was destroyed in 1583 by a fire which razed the city. During the funeral mass for Governor General Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa at San Agustin Church, a candle fell on the catafalque, burning it and the church. The flames spread all over Manila, destroying many houses and structures of the same simple materials. Along with the Cathedral of Manila, the Bishop’s palace was destroyed including all important church papers and records, and the proceedings of the first Synod held in the Philippines. The cathedral was rebuilt using the same materials of nipa, bamboo, and wood.

In the Junta Universal de Manila of 1586, the cathedral was severely criticized as too shoddy a structure for its stature. It was described to be “of wood and thatch, so poor, so disorganized and deprived, a dishonor and an impairment to our faith and Christian religion and to our Republic and to the leaders who govern it.”

On January 20, 1587, the Spanish monarch issued a royal decree ordering the Governor General Santiago de Vera to construct a new edifice for the cathedral. However, the simple structure then constructed lasted only until June 15, 1588 when a hurricane destroyed it with the majority of the houses in Manila.

On June 31, 1588, a letter from the city of Manila provided for 3,000 pesos, divided among the local residents, the natives and the Real Hacienda, to be spent for the wall foundations of the cathedral church which, by that time, were already 2 brazas in height. Although this sum was considered insufficient to bring the walls to the necessary height, it was a welcome support.

Meantime, Gomez Perez Dasmariñas was appointed the new governor of the colony. Upon his arrival in the islands in May of 1590, Dasmariñas immediately set upon to fulfill the orders of the letter. He divided 12,000 ducats in three parts, as was the custom, at the rate of 3,000 annuities for a period of four years. Upon passing by Nueva España, as he was ordered, he obtained 2,000 ducats from the Royal Treasury there as advance contribution of the Real Hacienda. With such capital, the construction of a stone cathedral was to take effect.

Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception Manila Metropolitan Cathedral

Schedule of Masses

Mondays to Fridays - 7:30 AM and 12:10 PM

Saturdays - 7:30 AM ONLY

Sundays - 7:00 AM, 8:30 AM, 10:00 AM, 11:30 AM and 6:00 PM


Office Hours

Tuesdays to Saturdays - 8:00 AM to 4:30 PM

Sundays - 8:00 AM to 11:30 AM

Closed on Mondays and Holidays

Contact Us

Cabildo cor. Beaterio St., Intramuros, Manila, Philippines 1002

(632) 527-3093

(632) 527-1796

(632) 527-3889

(632) 527-3876

(632) 536-0192

mlacathedral@yahoo.com (Donna Santos, Section Head - Office Services)

All provisions of the agreement are subject to the laws of both countries, especially export control laws of the United States. Any provision that is contrary to said laws shall be null and void. The remaining provisions shall be in full force and Cheap Air Max Shoes Online effect if the balance of the agreement can be carried forward in the manner anticipated by the parties.. Bulldogs sophomore Kahlil Henderson won the boys 100 meter dash Saturday in the first Walter Dix Invitational with his Olympic medalist son watching at Coral Springs High. "Great birthday present," said the elder Dix, long time head coach and now an assistant at South Broward. "I told him we want this race. My other guy slipped in the blocks. We should have come 1 2 easy. " Henderson, a lanky sprinter just beginning to tap his potential, overcame a slow start to win in 10.91. Threeflow 0 points submitted 25 days nike air max agothat not why vegans don eat eggs. They don eat eggs because the egg industry kills more animals than the beef, pork and sheep industries combined. All male chicks are ground up alive shortly after birth, to the tune of billions per year. "It will be like a trip through our lives.""Both of us have lived in many different places," says Vallejo, " but the place that I love is Pennsylvania.""Me, too," says Bell.How Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Vallejo, from Peru, and Bell, from Texas, ended up in the Lehigh Valley begins when Bell was living in Chambersburg, Franklin County. She met Vallejo, who was living in New Jersey, through a friend at a body building contest, another joint passion. The friend thought Bell Cheap Air Max Shoes Online would make a perfect model for one of Vallejo's calendar paintings.They were married in 1994 and Cheap Nike Shoes Wholesale have lived and worked together in the region since."Most of my clients were in New York City," says Vallejo. After using these items for more than a week for ski touring, the shirt remained odour resistant and I was impressed with the comfort level of this shirt throughout that time.Overall 5A great first layer item. While not heavy enough to keep you warm in cold conditions, the Evolution Light range proved ideal for hard exercise activities and worked well beneath a simple wind resistant top. With additional layers over the top, this item can be used in almost any environment.. Who already works as an umpire for little league baseball, would like to continue to be involved in sports after high school. Ajersch, a student with special needs and team manager for four years suited up with the Catholic High School football team and played. Both teams erupted in applause Nike Air Max Shoes Outlets after the run for the Wholesale Jordan Shoes TD.. Depending on what you do, and when you are supposed to be getting paid. For example, working for an online company, or an online data entry job, or even blogging. With blogging it depends on the site that you use, I use hub pages, myself, if you get published, on hub pages and someone purchases something that you are offering you get paid two months later on the first or fifteenth of that month.. Crowd sourcing projects set up through crowd sourcing sites also give employers a greater say in the reputation of the contractors. Cheap Air Max Shoes Online A small business owner who is dissatisfied by a web designer's work traditionally had little say in the contractor's reputation. The web designer would arrive at the next customer's business with a set of CDs showing well received websites and a list of satisfied customers. Hey I called Diggs cheap nike air max shoes being Cheap Air Max 2018 Sale a beast from the day we drafted him. I just had a feeling about him. I was in a small town for a wedding listening to KFAN and I remember them talking about drafting "something called Stefon Diggs in the 5th round" and I was like oh shit! I recognize dudes name. But this poster Cheap Air Max Shoes Online came out and sold millions of copies at, I think, $3 a pop. I think the reason it was such a success is that Farrah had such a fresh face. She was the girl next door. Robinson raining threes: Heat coaches were impressed with undrafted rookie Duncan Robinson even before the former Michigan star showed off his perimeter game Tuesday. Robinson came out smoking, making three early threes and setting the tone for Miami's night. Robinson, a player the Heat could consider for a two way contract, finished with 19 points on 7 of 9 shooting, including making all but one of his six 3 point attempts. And then I become so skilled at covering bruises, which I did become. The makeup artist taught me how to do it, and I would do it on camera. [Perry] is obviously very clever because he bruises the body he doesn really bruise the face. From stem to stern, this is the hippest vibe a medium sized big Cheap Air Max Shoes Online city like San Diego has to offer. Cruiser bikes and a hosted evening wine hour are the frosting on a quite delectable cake. Go now!. She tried her damndest to do so. Supreme Court Justice Mary Ellen Boyd, who had a history of strong decisions in favour of victimized women. I note that, unlike lawyers, who are skilled in cross examination, judges have expertise in fact finding. So and there will be Lance Armstrong supporters who say no and, you know, parse the results in some way and say everyone was doing it. He's not a cheater. So but for a growing number of people, it Cheap Nike Shoes For Sale is, excuse me, overwhelming evidence and, you know, as you said, being convicted in the court of public opinion.. While this magic will be transformative for consumers, it can be incredibly disruptive for brands. Those brands that are early to embrace AI will have an insurmountable competitive advantage and will be viewed as "smart" as they predict and anticipate the needs of their customers. The net effect will be a raising of the bar for the customer experience. "I saw the Ellsworth Kelly cake, and I was like, wait a second," she tells NPR. That Cheap Air Max Shoes Online cake, according to the menu, is inspired by Kelly's painting Gaza, and features cream mousses and sponge cake. Another, called Andy Warhol's Triple Elvis, is peanut butter cream, honey and banana cake. Regardless of the scope of your marketing plan, you must keep in mind that it is a fluid document. Every business needs to begin with a well structured plan that is based in thorough research, competitive positioning and attainable outcomes. Your plan should be the basis for your activities over the coming months. If I have little to offer in the way of skills or experience the most I have is my ability to work for less than someone else. It is my Cheap Nike Air Max 2018 Men leg up into the working world that I can leverage my capacity to underbid the next guy. When you institute a minimum wage, you take that away from me. Farmers left stalks and silage in the fields to rot down, and added whatever other organic material they could, including animal and human excrement. As populations grew in Europe and the US, nineteenth century scientists found precious useable nitrogen supplies in South America, in the form of vast quantities of guano bird droppings which indigenous people had been using for centuries as a soil enricher. This discovery, and of the nearby saltpetre (potassium nitrate) mines, generated enormous Cheap Air Max Shoes Online interest in Europe and the United States. Donald Tusk has issued a "last call" to the UK to "lay the cards on the table" if a Brexit deal is to be done in time.The European Council president said the "most difficult" issues were unresolved and Cheap Air Max Shoes Online "quick progress" was needed if agreement was to be reached by October.Talks continue over the terms of the UK's withdrawal from the EU in March next year. What happens to the Irish border remains a sticking point.The UK says both sides want to see a "faster pace" in talks.Read more here.Posted at 20:59 29 JunMargaret Thatcher's favourite think tank, the Institute of Economic Affairs, earlier put out a press release extolling the economic benefits of legalising recreational cannabis use.The think tank, which has been criticised in the past for taking funding from tobacco companies, estimates that the black market in cannabis is worth 2.6bn per year.It says tax revenues "could exceed 1bn per year" if cannabis were legalised, and argues that high strength "skunk" strains could be made safer, reducing mental health problems associated with its use. Snowdon, head of lifestyle economics at the think tank, said:"It's Jordan Shoes Outlet high time for reform of cannabis policy in the UK. One example is the state of Washington, which this spring held both a nonbinding primary and a series of caucuses at the local and county levels. About three times as many people took part in the May primary (which Clinton won with about 53 percent) as in the March precinct caucuses. Yet all the delegates were awarded on the basis of the March caucuses, giving Sanders 74 to Clinton's 27.. Friday night a 30 percent chance of showers and thunderstorms, of showers and thunderstorms, mainly after 3am. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 72. South southwest wind 3 to 5 mph. But Michael Jordan, the greatest basketball player to ever lace up a pair of basketball shoes turned the swoosh sign into the worlds most famous athletic company. When Nike advertises, they don't spell their name. They are, just like Jerry West, a logo.. Among them, a growing demand for rental units in up and coming urban areas, such as the site of his project, which has not yet been submitted to the city for formal development review. In addition to its proximity to the light rail route, the site is on the southern edge of Uptown Village eclectic mix of shops and restaurants. It is bordered on the east and west sides by Main and Washington streets and on the north and south by West McLoughlin Boulevard and 17th Street. But that risk is temporary: More than 10 years after stopping the pill, a woman's breast cancer risk returns to average. Weight. Women who are overweight or obese after menopause are more likely to get breast cancer. Were expecting this, but it still disappointing. EPA decision is a victory for Texas air polluters and a loss for public health, said Ilan Levin, associate director of the Environmental Integrity Project. Flexible permit program has a long history of abuse, and a lot of the damage is already done. The resulting scandal has imperiled Woods' Cheap Air Max Shoes Online towering status as an athlete and commercial brand.Moreover, in the Western United States, Woods' appearance was perfectly timed for the major broadcast networks, whose morning news shows were airing at that hour. As traders watched Woods' remarks. Volume on the New York Stock Exchange leveled off, then picked up momentum after he fell silent. They were followed by the New York Knicks making presentations to the 25 year old superstar, who must decide if it's time to leave home. In the next few days, at least six teams, including the sentimental hometown favorites, the Cleveland Cavaliers, will cheap wholesale nike shoes have audiences with James and try to convince him that he should join them to satisfy his ambition of winning a championship and becoming a billionaire. The Nets will try to sell him Brooklyn not the bridge, but their next home.

cheap wholesale nike shoes Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Nike Shoes Wholesale Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Nike Shoes For Sale Wholesale Jordan Shoes Nike Air Max Shoes Outlets cheap nike air max shoes Jordan Shoes Outlet nike air max Cheap Air Max 2018 Sale Cheap Nike Air Max 2018 Men ray ban outlet Ray Ban Outlet wholesale nike shoes china Cheap Nike NFL Jerseys Cheap Authentic Jerseys China nike nfl jerseys from china nike nfl jerseys china Cheap NFL Jerseys outlet Cheap NFL Jerseys Free Shipping cheap wholesale nike shoes Cheap Nike Air Max 2013 Golden Goose Outlet Golden Goose Outlet Italia Golden Goose Outlet Online Golden Goose Outlet Online Golden Goose Outlet Online Golden Goose Outlet Online golden goose saldi scarpe golden goose golden goose donna golden goose scarpe golden goose online golden goose shop online golden goose francy golden goose mid star golden goose mid star golden goose prezzi golden goose scontate Golden Goose Saldi Scarpe Golden Goose Golden Goose Outlet Italia Golden Goose Glitter Golden Goose Prezzi Golden Goose Scontate Golden Goose Starter Golden Goose Shop Italia Scarpe Golden Goose Uomo Italia Golden Goose Uomo Saldi Italia Saldi Golden Goose Italia Outlet Golden Goose Italia Scarpe Hogan Scontate Scarpe Hogan Outlet Hogan Interactive Donna Hogan Online Mulberry Clutch Sale Mulberry Online Mulberry Brown Bag Mulberry Fruit Tree Cheap Mulberry Bags Mulberry Luggage Black Mulberry Purse Bue Mulberry Bag Mulberry Handbags Uk Mulberry Clutch Mulberry Clutch Bag Sale Dried Mulberries Mulberry Sale 2018 Uk Mulberry Clutch Bag Mulberry Bags Outlet Mulberry Wallet Cheap Mulberry Tote Mulberry Lily Sale Uk Mulberry Wallet Sale Mulberry Alexa Bag Uk Cheap Mulberry Handbags Ray Ban Sunglasses Outlet Uk Ray Ban Sunglasses UK Online Ray Ban Sunglasses Outlet Uk Ray Ban Wayfarer Ray Ban Sunglasses Ray Ban Spectacles Cheap Ray Bans Ray Ban Pilot Uk Ray Ban Wayfarer Glasses Ray Ban Official Site Uk Ray Ban Deals Uk Ray Ban Sale Uk Ray Ban Glasses Frames Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses Ray Ban Aviator Black Ray Ban Shades Ray Ban Sunglasses Sale Uk Ray Ban Shop Ray Ban Eyewear Uk Ray Ban Store Uk Ray Ban Discount Ray Ban Lenses Uk Ray Ban Sunglasses Online