History

The Fifth Cathedral 1760 - 1852

Under Archbishop Pedro de la Santisima Trinidad

Archbishop Pedro de la Santisima Trinidad Martinez de Arisala became Manila’s vicar in 1747. He saw the dilapidated state of the cathedral and decided to have it reconstructed by a fine architect to avoid any future defects in the edifice every time natural disasters struck the city. The archbishop requested Nueva España to send a good maestro who could handle the work and in 1748 informed the Spanish monarch that a new cathedral should replace the present one.

The following year, Archbishop Trinidad asked for financial assistance enclosing the report of the Jesuit architect Father Joaquin Mezquita, the military engineer Don Tomas de Castro y Andrade and Don Antonio Gonzalez de Quijano. The report stated that the length of the cathedral was uproportional to its width and, thus, the structure necessitated rebuilding according to the

norms of architecture. In response, a Royal Cedula was dispatched, ordering the Archbishop and the Royal Audencia to submit the design for a new cathedral church and the cost estimates for the said project.

Before the Royal Cedula could reach Manila, a Florentine architect and engineer, in the person of Juan de Uguccioni, passed by Manila during the latter end of the year 1750. A missionary of the Sagrada Congregacion de Propaganda Fide, Fray Uguccioni was on his way to Goa, India, after serving the English in a technical capacity in the Malvar coast.

Upon the request of Archbishop Trinidad, Uguccioni made an assessment of the cathedral which he submitted on December 9, 1750. His findings confirmed the previous reports on the structure. Uguccioni remarked that the rectangular structure had a height unproportional to its length…”without the least symmetry or ornamentation and, therefore, I consider [the cathedral] wholly as rough, formless, and unproportional, to which can be added its great darkness, one reason why a multitude of filthy animals infest it, making it uninhabitable and totally indecent.”

Uguccioni proposed for a totally new edifice but budgetary considerations forced him to just restore the old structure with the introduction of the necessary modifications or renovations in conformity with aesthetics. The archbishop consulted the governor general and the Cathedral Chapter on the project. Ultimately, a consensus was reached to pursue with Uguccioni’s proposal.


The 1751 Reconstruction by Fray Juan de Uguccioni

The Manila Cathedral underwent a major transformation under the hands of the Italian architect Juan de Uguccioni and the obrero mayor Don Estevan Roxas y Melo. Don Estevan was a native of Lima, Peru, and was secretary to Archbishop Rodriguez since 1736. After the death of the archbishop, Roxas opted to stay permanently in this colony and was appointed eventually as medio racionero and later as canonigo de gracia in the Cathedral. Because of his talent in the sciences and mathematics, as well as for efficiency in his duties, he was appointed by Archbishop Trinidad as the obrero major of the cathedral reconstruction.

The Cathedral Chapter sought the permission of the governor general to start demolition work in the cathedral so that reconstruction could commence immediately, and for choir and other divine services to be held temporarily in the Church of San Andres of the College of Santa Potenciana. When cathedral services were installed in Santa Potenciana in January of 1751, demolition work on the cathedral immediately began.

With Uguccioni’s design, some old pillars were removed, portions added and improvements implemented. In the report of Uguccioni and Melo on the reconstruction, they cited the following:

“All that have been done in the reconstruction of the Holy Cathedral Church, in its greater and better parts, whichever way considered, in its height, width, or in its pavement, because the old cathedral being not in total proportion has been reduced to a temple to which has been added the transept, and the rear area, which are all new, as also in the rest of the old body of the church which has been enlarged, raising all areas above the keystone of the arches for better clarity between the windows, which before was absent; its ceiling, which was a simple course of wooden planks has been vaulted as in the principal nave, and in the two side naves, and not to forget the cimborrio or media naranja [dome] which has been added for greater beauty, from the demolished wall of the old entrance which has been condemned unserviceable, the portal was reconstructed and widened as can be seen at present, the old flooring has been raised and built to be strong and serviceable; the choir has been relocated, and its appearance is totally different from the old one. The sacristy has been added, with all its adjacent rooms given their present location; the old sacristy, which occupied the area at the back of the cathedral, has been transferred to where it is now, the site of which used to be previously occupied by some poor sacristans. Without the least doubt, from all that has been mentioned, out of the four parts of the church, 3 are new; thus, its figure has been totally changed...”

The reconstructed cathedral was spatially more interesting, with its basic crucifixion plan, semi-circular apse, and additional office annexed to the cathedral church. It retained its basic three-nave plan but this time, the chapels were reduced. A large chapel dedicated to St. Peter was built near the main altar while two smaller ones, dedicated to St. Joseph and Our Lady of Guadalupe were situated at the cathedral’s left side. Wrought iron grilleworks served as screens and entrances to these chapels. Winding staircases dramatically led up to the Chapter hall near the main entrance.

The lead and stained glass of the cathedral were imported from Java. Marble slabs for paving the cathedral’s central nave and the front steps of the choir and presbytery were quarried from Bosoboso where twenty men were hired to cut and hew them. The remaining steps in the presybetery were paved with beautiful piedra china or Chinese granite which a generous patron donated. The cathedral organ was itself assigned to an expert organ maestro, who was the only one in the islands. A new cupola was built at the transept and nave crossing.

The choir area was installed with iron grilles. The central nave was lined with railings to separate it from other areas. Hardwood flooring paved the lateral naves and rear areas. The windows with their stained glass were fixed with wire screens as a means to security. For the exterior, whitewash was applied all over. By 1758, the cathedral’s main body was complete with its interior vaultings, coffered ceilings, and paneled walls.

The Manila Cathedral, which by now closely resembled the Church of Il Gesu in Rome, was inaugurated on December 8, 1760. it was a pity that Archbishop Trinidad could not witness the rebuilt cathedral as he died in 1755. it was the new archbishop Don Manuel Antonio Rojo, who took possession of the archdiocese on July 22, 1759, who solemnly blessed and inaugurated the cathedral on December 8, 1760. The Bishop of Cebu, Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta, showered praises:

“It was admired by everyone who saw it, and more, it is a marvel that all the fabric has been patched and the old has been united with the new, and at first sight, it seems that the work is new...”

Works in the cathedral were temporarily suspended until 1761, when a storm caused damages on the roof, forcing the archbishop to resume work in it.


The British Invasion of 1762

The British invasion in 1762 scarcely caused any damage in the cathedral structure. However, it was deprived of its many treasures when, under threat of death, Archbishop Rojo was forced by the British to hand over its collection of silver and jewels valued at 31,309 pesos.

The structure, however, underwent repairs. Areas which were eaten by termites and other pests were repaired, and the cupola of the cathedral was given a new sheathing of lead in the shape of fish scales. All these works were supervised by Juan de Uguccioni.

Since the Manila Cathedral was reconstructed by Uguccioni and inaugurated n 1760, there had been no significant major alterations or modifications in it, except for some minor repairs and regilding, until another major reconstruction in the middle of the 19tj century. In 1839, repairs were made in the cathedral. Commissioned to perform the repair works, particularly in the dome or cupola of the structure, was Don Francisco de Ojeda. Gilding was made in many areas, in the lamps within the church, the altar major and other auxiliary altars of the cathedral. Such repair and renovation works were supervised by the architect Don Jose Ygnacio de Barinaga. Master carpenter for the works was Don Gaspar Pabalan and the aparejador, or foreman, was Mariano Pabalan. In subsequent years, many repair works were made in the sacristy, roof, cupola, windows, and termite infested areas of the structure.


The Earthquake of 1852

On the night of September 16, 1852, an earthquake shook, damaged, and destroyed churches and other edifices in Manila, leaving the main façade and other areas of the cathedral in very severe condition. Upon the request of the Cathedral Chapter, the Arquitecto de Hacienda, Juan Mendoza y Grajales, conducted an inspection of the cathedral. In his report of October 6, 1852, Architect Mendoza cited that the cathedral definitely suffered major damage. Previously unsuspected cracks borne by earlier earthquakes and which before were unnoticeable manifested themselves in the principal nave. The front façade was likewise seriously damaged with its balance seriously affected and lost. Out of the six pear-like ornaments that crowned the façade, two were destroyed, and so much danger was posed by the deteriorated façade which had begun to crumble down.

Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception Manila Metropolitan Cathedral

Schedule of Masses

Mondays to Fridays - 7:30 AM and 12:10 PM

Saturdays - 7:30 AM ONLY

Sundays - 7:00 AM, 8:30 AM, 10:00 AM, 11:30 AM and 6:00 PM


Office Hours

Tuesdays to Saturdays - 8:00 AM to 4:30 PM

Sundays - 8:00 AM to 11:30 AM

Closed on Mondays and Holidays

Contact Us

Cabildo cor. Beaterio St., Intramuros, Manila, Philippines 1002

(632) 527-3093

(632) 527-1796

(632) 527-3889

(632) 527-3876

(632) 536-0192

mlacathedral@yahoo.com (Donna Santos, Section Head - Office Services)

All provisions of the agreement are subject to the laws of both countries, especially export control laws of the United States. Any provision that is contrary to said laws shall be null and void. The remaining provisions shall be in full force and Cheap Air Max Shoes Online effect if the balance of the agreement can be carried forward in the manner anticipated by the parties.. Bulldogs sophomore Kahlil Henderson won the boys 100 meter dash Saturday in the first Walter Dix Invitational with his Olympic medalist son watching at Coral Springs High. "Great birthday present," said the elder Dix, long time head coach and now an assistant at South Broward. "I told him we want this race. My other guy slipped in the blocks. We should have come 1 2 easy. " Henderson, a lanky sprinter just beginning to tap his potential, overcame a slow start to win in 10.91. Threeflow 0 points submitted 25 days nike air max agothat not why vegans don eat eggs. They don eat eggs because the egg industry kills more animals than the beef, pork and sheep industries combined. All male chicks are ground up alive shortly after birth, to the tune of billions per year. "It will be like a trip through our lives.""Both of us have lived in many different places," says Vallejo, " but the place that I love is Pennsylvania.""Me, too," says Bell.How Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Vallejo, from Peru, and Bell, from Texas, ended up in the Lehigh Valley begins when Bell was living in Chambersburg, Franklin County. She met Vallejo, who was living in New Jersey, through a friend at a body building contest, another joint passion. The friend thought Bell Cheap Air Max Shoes Online would make a perfect model for one of Vallejo's calendar paintings.They were married in 1994 and Cheap Nike Shoes Wholesale have lived and worked together in the region since."Most of my clients were in New York City," says Vallejo. After using these items for more than a week for ski touring, the shirt remained odour resistant and I was impressed with the comfort level of this shirt throughout that time.Overall 5A great first layer item. While not heavy enough to keep you warm in cold conditions, the Evolution Light range proved ideal for hard exercise activities and worked well beneath a simple wind resistant top. With additional layers over the top, this item can be used in almost any environment.. Who already works as an umpire for little league baseball, would like to continue to be involved in sports after high school. Ajersch, a student with special needs and team manager for four years suited up with the Catholic High School football team and played. Both teams erupted in applause Nike Air Max Shoes Outlets after the run for the Wholesale Jordan Shoes TD.. Depending on what you do, and when you are supposed to be getting paid. For example, working for an online company, or an online data entry job, or even blogging. With blogging it depends on the site that you use, I use hub pages, myself, if you get published, on hub pages and someone purchases something that you are offering you get paid two months later on the first or fifteenth of that month.. Crowd sourcing projects set up through crowd sourcing sites also give employers a greater say in the reputation of the contractors. Cheap Air Max Shoes Online A small business owner who is dissatisfied by a web designer's work traditionally had little say in the contractor's reputation. The web designer would arrive at the next customer's business with a set of CDs showing well received websites and a list of satisfied customers. Hey I called Diggs cheap nike air max shoes being Cheap Air Max 2018 Sale a beast from the day we drafted him. I just had a feeling about him. I was in a small town for a wedding listening to KFAN and I remember them talking about drafting "something called Stefon Diggs in the 5th round" and I was like oh shit! I recognize dudes name. But this poster Cheap Air Max Shoes Online came out and sold millions of copies at, I think, $3 a pop. I think the reason it was such a success is that Farrah had such a fresh face. She was the girl next door. Robinson raining threes: Heat coaches were impressed with undrafted rookie Duncan Robinson even before the former Michigan star showed off his perimeter game Tuesday. Robinson came out smoking, making three early threes and setting the tone for Miami's night. Robinson, a player the Heat could consider for a two way contract, finished with 19 points on 7 of 9 shooting, including making all but one of his six 3 point attempts. And then I become so skilled at covering bruises, which I did become. The makeup artist taught me how to do it, and I would do it on camera. [Perry] is obviously very clever because he bruises the body he doesn really bruise the face. From stem to stern, this is the hippest vibe a medium sized big Cheap Air Max Shoes Online city like San Diego has to offer. Cruiser bikes and a hosted evening wine hour are the frosting on a quite delectable cake. Go now!. She tried her damndest to do so. Supreme Court Justice Mary Ellen Boyd, who had a history of strong decisions in favour of victimized women. I note that, unlike lawyers, who are skilled in cross examination, judges have expertise in fact finding. So and there will be Lance Armstrong supporters who say no and, you know, parse the results in some way and say everyone was doing it. He's not a cheater. So but for a growing number of people, it Cheap Nike Shoes For Sale is, excuse me, overwhelming evidence and, you know, as you said, being convicted in the court of public opinion.. While this magic will be transformative for consumers, it can be incredibly disruptive for brands. Those brands that are early to embrace AI will have an insurmountable competitive advantage and will be viewed as "smart" as they predict and anticipate the needs of their customers. The net effect will be a raising of the bar for the customer experience. "I saw the Ellsworth Kelly cake, and I was like, wait a second," she tells NPR. That Cheap Air Max Shoes Online cake, according to the menu, is inspired by Kelly's painting Gaza, and features cream mousses and sponge cake. Another, called Andy Warhol's Triple Elvis, is peanut butter cream, honey and banana cake. Regardless of the scope of your marketing plan, you must keep in mind that it is a fluid document. Every business needs to begin with a well structured plan that is based in thorough research, competitive positioning and attainable outcomes. Your plan should be the basis for your activities over the coming months. If I have little to offer in the way of skills or experience the most I have is my ability to work for less than someone else. It is my Cheap Nike Air Max 2018 Men leg up into the working world that I can leverage my capacity to underbid the next guy. When you institute a minimum wage, you take that away from me. Farmers left stalks and silage in the fields to rot down, and added whatever other organic material they could, including animal and human excrement. As populations grew in Europe and the US, nineteenth century scientists found precious useable nitrogen supplies in South America, in the form of vast quantities of guano bird droppings which indigenous people had been using for centuries as a soil enricher. This discovery, and of the nearby saltpetre (potassium nitrate) mines, generated enormous Cheap Air Max Shoes Online interest in Europe and the United States. Donald Tusk has issued a "last call" to the UK to "lay the cards on the table" if a Brexit deal is to be done in time.The European Council president said the "most difficult" issues were unresolved and Cheap Air Max Shoes Online "quick progress" was needed if agreement was to be reached by October.Talks continue over the terms of the UK's withdrawal from the EU in March next year. What happens to the Irish border remains a sticking point.The UK says both sides want to see a "faster pace" in talks.Read more here.Posted at 20:59 29 JunMargaret Thatcher's favourite think tank, the Institute of Economic Affairs, earlier put out a press release extolling the economic benefits of legalising recreational cannabis use.The think tank, which has been criticised in the past for taking funding from tobacco companies, estimates that the black market in cannabis is worth 2.6bn per year.It says tax revenues "could exceed 1bn per year" if cannabis were legalised, and argues that high strength "skunk" strains could be made safer, reducing mental health problems associated with its use. Snowdon, head of lifestyle economics at the think tank, said:"It's Jordan Shoes Outlet high time for reform of cannabis policy in the UK. One example is the state of Washington, which this spring held both a nonbinding primary and a series of caucuses at the local and county levels. About three times as many people took part in the May primary (which Clinton won with about 53 percent) as in the March precinct caucuses. Yet all the delegates were awarded on the basis of the March caucuses, giving Sanders 74 to Clinton's 27.. Friday night a 30 percent chance of showers and thunderstorms, of showers and thunderstorms, mainly after 3am. Mostly cloudy, with a low around 72. South southwest wind 3 to 5 mph. But Michael Jordan, the greatest basketball player to ever lace up a pair of basketball shoes turned the swoosh sign into the worlds most famous athletic company. When Nike advertises, they don't spell their name. They are, just like Jerry West, a logo.. Among them, a growing demand for rental units in up and coming urban areas, such as the site of his project, which has not yet been submitted to the city for formal development review. In addition to its proximity to the light rail route, the site is on the southern edge of Uptown Village eclectic mix of shops and restaurants. It is bordered on the east and west sides by Main and Washington streets and on the north and south by West McLoughlin Boulevard and 17th Street. But that risk is temporary: More than 10 years after stopping the pill, a woman's breast cancer risk returns to average. Weight. Women who are overweight or obese after menopause are more likely to get breast cancer. Were expecting this, but it still disappointing. EPA decision is a victory for Texas air polluters and a loss for public health, said Ilan Levin, associate director of the Environmental Integrity Project. Flexible permit program has a long history of abuse, and a lot of the damage is already done. The resulting scandal has imperiled Woods' Cheap Air Max Shoes Online towering status as an athlete and commercial brand.Moreover, in the Western United States, Woods' appearance was perfectly timed for the major broadcast networks, whose morning news shows were airing at that hour. As traders watched Woods' remarks. Volume on the New York Stock Exchange leveled off, then picked up momentum after he fell silent. They were followed by the New York Knicks making presentations to the 25 year old superstar, who must decide if it's time to leave home. In the next few days, at least six teams, including the sentimental hometown favorites, the Cleveland Cavaliers, will cheap wholesale nike shoes have audiences with James and try to convince him that he should join them to satisfy his ambition of winning a championship and becoming a billionaire. The Nets will try to sell him Brooklyn not the bridge, but their next home.

cheap wholesale nike shoes Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Nike Shoes Wholesale Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Air Max Shoes Online Cheap Nike Shoes For Sale Wholesale Jordan Shoes Nike Air Max Shoes Outlets cheap nike air max shoes Jordan Shoes Outlet nike air max Cheap Air Max 2018 Sale Cheap Nike Air Max 2018 Men ray ban outlet Ray Ban Outlet wholesale nike shoes china Cheap Nike NFL Jerseys Cheap Authentic Jerseys China nike nfl jerseys from china nike nfl jerseys china Cheap NFL Jerseys outlet Cheap NFL Jerseys Free Shipping cheap wholesale nike shoes Cheap Nike Air Max 2013 Golden Goose Outlet Golden Goose Outlet Italia Golden Goose Outlet Online Golden Goose Outlet Online Golden Goose Outlet Online Golden Goose Outlet Online golden goose saldi scarpe golden goose golden goose donna golden goose scarpe golden goose online golden goose shop online golden goose francy golden goose mid star golden goose mid star golden goose prezzi golden goose scontate Golden Goose Saldi Scarpe Golden Goose Golden Goose Outlet Italia Golden Goose Glitter Golden Goose Prezzi Golden Goose Scontate Golden Goose Starter Golden Goose Shop Italia Scarpe Golden Goose Uomo Italia Golden Goose Uomo Saldi Italia Saldi Golden Goose Italia Outlet Golden Goose Italia Scarpe Hogan Scontate Scarpe Hogan Outlet Hogan Interactive Donna Hogan Online Mulberry Clutch Sale Mulberry Online Mulberry Brown Bag Mulberry Fruit Tree Cheap Mulberry Bags Mulberry Luggage Black Mulberry Purse Bue Mulberry Bag Mulberry Handbags Uk Mulberry Clutch Mulberry Clutch Bag Sale Dried Mulberries Mulberry Sale 2018 Uk Mulberry Clutch Bag Mulberry Bags Outlet Mulberry Wallet Cheap Mulberry Tote Mulberry Lily Sale Uk Mulberry Wallet Sale Mulberry Alexa Bag Uk Cheap Mulberry Handbags Ray Ban Sunglasses Outlet Uk Ray Ban Sunglasses UK Online Ray Ban Sunglasses Outlet Uk Ray Ban Wayfarer Ray Ban Sunglasses Ray Ban Spectacles Cheap Ray Bans Ray Ban Pilot Uk Ray Ban Wayfarer Glasses Ray Ban Official Site Uk Ray Ban Deals Uk Ray Ban Sale Uk Ray Ban Glasses Frames Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses Ray Ban Aviator Black Ray Ban Shades Ray Ban Sunglasses Sale Uk Ray Ban Shop Ray Ban Eyewear Uk Ray Ban Store Uk Ray Ban Discount Ray Ban Lenses Uk Ray Ban Sunglasses Online